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Sunday, July 12, 2015

Kancha dalayadaakshee : Raag : kamala Manohari : Muthuswamy Dikshithar

Kancha dalayadaakshee : Raag : kamala Manohari : Muthuswamy Dikshithar

Kanjadalayatakshi Kamakshi kamalamanohari tripurasundari

kunjaragamane manimandita manjulacharane mamavashiva panjarashuki pankajamukhi guruguha ranjani duritabhanjani niranjani

raka shashivadane suradane rakshitamadane ratnasadane shriksnchana vasane surasane
shrngarashraya mandahasane ekanekakshari bhuvaneshvari ekanandamrtahari bhashvari ekagramanolayakari shrikari ekamresha grheshvari shankari

Word by word Meaning: 

Pallavi : 
Kanja : Lotus 
dala : leaf (in tamil, typically referred to as 'thalam', as in 'tulasi thalam')
Akshi : one with large eyes
Kamakshi : kamakshi Devi
kamala : goddess lakshmi
manohari : who is dear to
tripurasundari : who is the most beautiful in all the three worlds

kunjara : elephant like
gamane : gait
maNimandita : studded with gems
manjulacharane : beautiful / lovely feet
mamava : Please protect me
shiva panjarashuki : shuki means parrot; panjara means the cage
pankajamukhi : pankaja means lotus; mukhi : face like
guruguha ranjani : ranjani means the who enthralls;  Guruguha is Lord Subramanya
duritabhanjani : durita means all sorts of problems / afflictions; bhanjani : destroyer
niranjani : who is blemishless

raka : radiant
shashi : white
vadane : face
suradane : beautiful teeth
rakshita madane : the one who protected Manmadhan (cupid)
ratna sadane: gemstudded / diamond studded throne
shrikanchana vasane surasane : the dress is golden and rich
shrngarashraya : full of love
manda hasanE : gentle smile
Ekanekakshari : (eka aneka asksari) :who has the form of one and the many mystic symbols
bhuvaneshvari : goddess of the world
Ekanandamrtahari : eka ananda amrutahari : bliss which is ever flowing
bhashvari : lustrous
Ekagra mano layakari : the one who attaches herself to those who pray to her with concentration and absolute devotion
shrikari : the one who bestows all prosperity and wealth
Ekamresha : lord ekambareswaran
grheshvari : gruha - easwari - takes care of the house; lives in the house; wife of
shankari : she is the wife of shankaran; Goddess Shankari

Detailed discussion on the song:

What a beautiful song! The beauty of the Raaga Kamala Manohari and the pace of the lyrics just take the breath away! And, when one understands the meaning behind the words, the beauty is just indescribable!

Pallavi :

Kanjadalayatakshi Kamakshi kamalamanohari tripurasundari

Dikshithar focuses on the eyes of the Goddess. 

Kamakshi has large beautiful eyes. Eyes like that of the petals of the lotus flowers! And, she is the one who is dear to Lakshmi - the one who lives in the lotus flowers (kamalam means lotus; the one who lives in lotus is Kamala - who is Goddess Lakshmi). 

One can see the shades of "Sri Lalaitha Sahasranamam" getting played out here. Lalitha Sahasranamam says : Sachamara Rama vani Savya dhakshina sevitha which means She who is being fanned by Lakshmi the goddess of wealth and Saraswathi the goddess of knowledge

And, she is the Goddess of all the three worlds. 

In the pallavi itself, the raaga of the kriti is brought in beautifully! 


kunjaragamane manimandita manjulacharane mamava shiva panjarashuki pankajamukhi guruguha ranjani duritabhanjani niranjani

Kamakshi walks a majestic walk. She walks like an elephant. Slowly. Majestically. "manda gamane" is how she is typically described - the one who has a gentle walk. Elephant walks slowly - at a gentle pace and that is given as the example for how Goddess Kamakshi walks. 

Dikshithar looks at Kamakshi. Her feet are lovely and studded with gems. He prays to them " let they feet which are adorned with gems protect me". Then he describes her. 

She is a parrot in a cage called Shiva. She is the one who gives life to that cage. Without that life force, the cage has nothing to offer.  Her face is like lotus. She is the one who is loved by Lord Guruguha - Muruga. She is the one who destroys all problems quickly. She is the one who is blemishless. 


raka shashivadane suradane rakshitamadane ratnasadane shrikanchana vasane surasane
shrngarashraya mandahasane ekanekakshari bhuvaneshvari ekanandamrtahari bhashvari ekagramanolayakari shrikari ekamresha grheshvari shankari

How is Kamakshi's face? It is radiant. it is radiant with white lovely light without heat like that of the full moon. She has beautiful teeth. She is the one who saved Manmadhan from death. She made him raise from the ashes.

Then Dikshithar looks at her fully. Where is she sitting? What is she wearing?

She is sitting on a throne studded with diamonds and gems. She is wearing a rich golden dress. Her heart is full of love. She is sporting a gentle smile.

She is the form of one akshara to many aksharas - the mystic symbols. Here, Dishithar merely paraphrases Lalitha Sahasranamam which says "Srimadh vaakbhava kudaika swarupa muka pankaja" - which means that the Goddess Lalitha is the rupam of collection of all the mystic symbols and aksharas. (Here it is good to recall that Adi Sankaracharya, in His Subramanya Bhujangam, says " mahavakya kudam" about Lord Muruga)

Dikshithar thinks about who she really is.

She is the the one who is lording over all the universe. She is full of bliss - overflowing stream of bliss! She is radiant and lustrous. She comes and gives herself to those devotees who think of her, pray to her with single minded concentration. She is the one who blesses all her devotees with prosperity and wealth.

She is the wife of Ekamreshwara - who is the deity in Kanchi. She is the wife of Shankara. She is Shankari. She is sam-kari - which is the one who always does good deeds.

The stories in this song:

There are a few stories embedded in this song.

1) Rakshitha madane

This is a story where the cupid - Manmadha gets it all wrong and yet gets it all back! Manmadhan gets chosen to disturb a meditating Shiva so that Shiva and Parvati can unite and Skandha can be born. Unless that happens, the Surapadman, the great Asura, cannot be stopped. Surapadman had obtained a boon which says that Surapadman can be killed only by a force born of Shiva. However, Shiva was in deep meditation and Devas were going thru countless problems because of Surapadman. Devas request Cupid - Manmadhan - to help them out. 

Manmadhan goes out and tries his bow and arrows on Shiva. Shiva opens His third eye and looks at Manmadha who combusts immediately into ashes. However, on the asking of Ratidevi, wife of Manmadhan, Parvati takes pity on Manmadhan and brings him back to life - with one condition - that he would not be visible to anyone but his wife Rati. 

2) Ekamresha Gruheshwari :

Here, the story is that of how Kamakshi did penance and became the consort of lord Ekambreshwara. The Goddess Kamakshi is in padmasanam - a yogic pose and not the usual standing pose here in this temple. Also, there are no other Parvati temples in this city which boasts of more than two hundred temples!

Here is where the Goddess offered penance to a Lingam made of sand under a mango tree so that she can marry Shiva. Since the lingam was situated under a mango tree, the lingam was also called "eka amra Eashwaran" - Ekamreshwaran" meaning, the lord of the single mango tree.  

Appreciation of the song: 

The lyrics are sheer poetry! 

"Gunjaragamane - manjulacharane"

" panjarashukhi - pankajamukhi"

"guruguha ranjani - duridhabanjani - niranjani"

"shashivadane - suradane - rakshitha madane - rathna sadane"

"vasane -  surasane -  mandahasane"

"ekanekakshari -  bhuvaneshvari  - ekanandamrtahari  - bhashvari  - ekagramanolayakari shrikari -  grheshvari  - shankari"

Dishithar at his lyrical best in this song!!

Here are some links to the song in the youtube: 

1. Bombay Jayashree

2. TM Krishna