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Tuesday, October 23, 2012

Saraswati Vidhi Yuvati : Muthuswami Dikshithar



Saraswati Vidhi Yuvati : Muthuswami Dikshithar 


Raga: Hindolam   Tala: Rupakam


Pallavi : 

sarasvatI vidhiyuvatI samrakSatu mAm shrI

Charanam : 

muraLI vINAgAna vinOdinI samvEdinI chAru candra hAsinI sarasIruha lOcani murAri guruguha mOdinI shabdArtthasvarUpiNI hamsinI brahmANI AraktavarNa rUpiNI

Meaning : 
Vidhi yuvati : wife of Brahma; "Vidhi" means Brahma. 
vinagana vinodhini : who plays the veena
Samvedhini : who is knowledge itself
charu chandra hasini : who smiles like the beautiful moon
sarairuha lochani : who has eyes like lotus flower 
murari : lord vishnu
guruguha : lord subramanya; the mudra that Dikshithar uses in every song
modhini : pleases
shabdarsthasvarupini : one who is the word as well as its meaning
hamsini : who uses swan as her vehicle
brahmani : the supreme sprit
araktavarna rupini : who has a reddish complexion
  
Here, Dikshithar invokes Goddess Saraswati. She is the wife of 'Vidhi', the creator, Lord Brahma. 'Vidhi' is a term used in several indian languages, especially the southern languages such as Tamil to denote fate. Brahma creates that fate for all of us. And, Saraswati is the yuvati of this vidhi, meaning, Brahma's wife. May you protect me. 

She is the one who loves to and takes delight in listening to flute and Veena.

She is full of knowledge. She is knowledge itself. She smiles like the bright and beautiful moon. She has eyes like the lotus flowers. She pleases both Lord Vishnu and Lord Subramanya (Guruguha). 



She takes the form of words as well as its meaning. Here, I am reminded of kalidasa's immortal lines: 

vāgarthāviva saṃpṛktau vāgartha pratipattaye |
jagataḥ pitarau vande pārvatīparameśvarau ||

वागर्थाविव संपृक्तौ वागर्थ प्रतिपत्तये ।
जगतः पितरौ वन्दे पार्वतीपरमेश्वरौ ॥

வாகர்த்தாவிவ ஸம்ப்ருக்தௌ வாகர்த்த ப்ரதிபத்தயே |
ஜகதஃ பிதரௌ வந்தே பார்வதீபரமேச்வரௌ ||

The word and the meaning are inseparable. And, Goddess Saraswati is the word and its meaning.

She takes Swan for her vehicle. She is the pure one. She is reddish in colour.

May she protect me.

Listen to this song sung by a young artist (Srinidhi Sridharan):


Another young artist: (Radhika Buckory)


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